I have been debating in my mind as to whether to write about the new US-China climate deal that President Obama announced last week. After all, it’s been all over the main stream media and you’ve probably read enough about it such that you don’t need another article about it from me. But then I read the following piece that Mike Brune, Sierra Club Executive Director, wrote and I decided to add a few comments and send it on since I believe it provides an insightful appraisal of the impact of the agreement.
To me the Agreement shows that:
Clearly the debate about IF the climate is changing is over and world leaders are moving on to solutions and adaptation and leaving behind the skeptics.
That even believers in the US Congress who object to doing anything because it would, in their opinion, make the US uncompetitive with China and other countries now have to recognize that even China “gets it” and is preparing to move aggressively to mitigation and adaptation. And unlike the US, once they decide to move, they can do it quickly and effectively.
There will be enormous economic benefit for the countries that lead on climate.
Once the ball gets rolling the momentum will build and any country that doesn’t get on board will be left behind in reaping the enormous economic benefits that will accrue to the leaders.
With China on board, the US will gain significant capital in being able to be a leader on international climate action as opposed to holding back international action and cooperation.
I know that many in the environmental community are very disheartened with the slow pace of change and the subsequent consequences. It IS scary to contemplate the implications that our delayed actions will have on future generations. Yet, I choose to be excited and optimistic that our movement is gaining meaningful momentum and that the pace of change will only grow faster and faster. We will develop the necessary changes and this will have impacts on society that go well beyond saving a climate that is accommodating to human civilization. The sooner the better…
Coming Clean: The blog of Sierra Club Executive Director Michael Brune
November 12, 2014
Racing to the Top with China
What a difference a week makes. This morning we awoke to the news that President Obama and Secretary of State Kerry have negotiated a historic joint announcement on climate change and clean energy cooperation. Coming from the world’s two largest economies and two biggest carbon emitters, the new targets set by President Obama and President Xi Jinping have put the international community on notice: It’s time to put up or shut up.
Three major, overarching goals were announced:
The U.S. will cut its net greenhouse gas emissions to between 26 and 28 percent below 2005 levels by 2025.
China will attempt to peak its CO2 emissions by 2030 (and possibly sooner).
Also by 2030, China will increase the share of non-fossil fuel energy it uses to around 20 percent.
China’s pledge to cap its emissions is momentous — and should compel India and other developing nations to set their own ambitious targets. But the game changer in this announcement — and an underreported one at that — is China’s goal of producing 20 percent of its electricity from carbon-free sources by the end of the next decade. To accomplish that, China will need to install 800 to 1,000 gigawatts of energy with zero emissions by 2030 — an amount almost equal to current total U.S. electricity generating capacity.
Such rapid clean-energy growth will accelerate a positive feedback loop. As China drives toward its goal, clean energy prices will continue to drop. Solar and wind are cheaper than fossil fuels in many places already; as prices plummet even further, the transition from dirty fuels will pick up speed, helping China, the U.S., and other countries meet and exceed their climate targets and save money in the process.
The U.S. and China aren’t acting out of sheer altruism, though — both countries will also gain tremendously by leading the transition to a clean-energy economy. Sure, cutting carbon pollution is a driving factor, but there’s enormous benefit in doing so. Fighting climate change is something that we get to do, not just something that we have to do. According to the Center for American Progress, an accelerated transition to clean energy in this country will create 2.7 million new jobs in the clean energy sector nationwide. No doubt the Chinese have performed a similar calculus.
Of course, China had already made it clear that renewable energy was a national priority. At a time when we face yet another congressional debate over whether to renew the Production Tax Credit for wind power in this country, China is erecting wind turbines like yard signs in a swing state — it already has more wind power than the entire European Union, and will install a record amount of both solar and wind again this year.
So, yes, while this agreement means that China and the U.S. are standing together to take responsibility for climate action, this partnership is just as much about opportunity. That, more than anything, is why clean energy is unstoppable. The opportunities it represents — both economically (“Consumers and businesses will save literally billions of dollars,” said one administration official) and in so many other ways — are a powerful force for bringing people, industries, and, in this case, nations together. Just this week, for instance, I attended an event highlighting how the International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers and the Sierra Club have worked together to help create more than a thousands new construction jobs with good wages and benefits through responsibly sited large-scale solar projects in California.
One more point on this announcement. Those who keep a clear, unflinching eye on the total carbon reductions needed to keep warming below 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit will say that the U.S. could in fact do much more than cut its carbon by 26-28 percent a decade from now. They’re right. The EU has indicated it will cut its carbon pollution by 40 percent (by 2030) — using a more challenging baseline figure. And our fragile planet certainly needs China to cap its emissions sooner than the end of the next decade.
But even a journey of a thousand miles begins with a single (in this case, giant) step. Two centuries ago, Napoleon presciently compared China to a sleeping giant that would one day awaken and shake the world. But he also made an observation about leadership: “One can lead a nation only by helping it see a brighter future — a leader must offer hope.” President Obama and President Xi Jinping offered that hope today by stepping forward together.
And what about the Republican leaders gnashing their teeth in Congress? What message of opportunity are they offering? How, exactly, do they propose to lead the nation forward when their rallying cry is “Retreat!”?
Don’t ask me. I’m not a scientist. But I do know that real leadership should be acknowledged when it happens. For all those who have marched, testified, lobbied, litigated, invested, divested, tweeted, posted, and donated to fight against dirty fuels and for 100% clean energy, take a bow. We’re building momentum. And also, please take a moment and send President Obama a message thanking him for acting on climate and elevating our clean energy ambitions.